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【从零开始学Spring Boot】-15.Spring Boot WebFlux路由

soulballad
2020-07-29 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 69 阅读 / 9,798 字
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1.简介

1.1 概述

In WebFlux.fn, an HTTP request is handled with a HandlerFunction: a function that takes ServerRequest and returns a delayed ServerResponse (i.e. Mono<ServerResponse>). Both the request and the response object have immutable contracts that offer JDK 8-friendly access to the HTTP request and response. HandlerFunction is the equivalent of the body of a @RequestMapping method in the annotation-based programming model.

Incoming requests are routed to a handler function with a RouterFunction: a function that takes ServerRequest and returns a delayed HandlerFunction (i.e. Mono<HandlerFunction>). When the router function matches, a handler function is returned; otherwise an empty Mono. RouterFunction is the equivalent of a @RequestMapping annotation, but with the major difference that router functions provide not just data, but also behavior.

RouterFunctions.route() provides a router builder that facilitates the creation of routers, as the following example shows:

在WebFlux.fn中,HTTP请求由HandlerFunction处理:该函数接受ServerRequest并返回延迟的ServerResponse(即Mono )。请求和响应对象都具有不可变的协定,这些协定为JDK 8提供了对HTTP请求和响应的友好访问。 HandlerFunction等效于基于注释的编程模型中@RequestMapping方法的主体。传入的请求被路由到带有RouterFunction的处理程序函数:该函数接受ServerRequest并返回延迟的HandlerFunction(即Mono )。当路由器功能匹配时,返回处理程序功能。否则为空Mono。 RouterFunction等效于@RequestMapping批注,但主要区别在于路由器功能不仅提供数据,而且还提供行为。 RouterFunctions.route() 提供了一个路由器构建器,可简化路由器的创建过程。

1.2 特点

Router functions are used to route the requests to the corresponding HandlerFunction. Typically, you do not write router functions yourself, but rather use a method on the RouterFunctions utility class to create one. RouterFunctions.route() (no parameters) provides you with a fluent builder for creating a router function, whereas RouterFunctions.route(RequestPredicate, HandlerFunction) offers a direct way to create a router.

Generally, it is recommended to use the route() builder, as it provides convenient short-cuts for typical mapping scenarios without requiring hard-to-discover static imports. For instance, the router function builder offers the method GET(String, HandlerFunction) to create a mapping for GET requests; and POST(String, HandlerFunction) for POSTs.

Besides HTTP method-based mapping, the route builder offers a way to introduce additional predicates when mapping to requests. For each HTTP method there is an overloaded variant that takes a RequestPredicate as a parameter, though which additional constraints can be expressed.

路由器功能用于将请求路由到相应的HandlerFunction。通常,您不是自己编写路由器功能,而是使用RouterFunctions实用程序类上的方法创建一个。 RouterFunctions.route()(无参数)为您提供了一个流畅的生成器来创建路由器功能,而RouterFunctions.route(RequestPredicate,HandlerFunction)提供了直接创建路由器的方法。通常,建议使用route()构建器,因为它为典型的映射方案提供了便捷的捷径,而无需发现静态导入。例如,路由器功能构建器提供了GET(String,HandlerFunction)方法来为GET请求创建映射。和POST(String,HandlerFunction)进行POST。除了基于HTTP方法的映射外,路由构建器还提供了一种在映射到请求时引入其他谓词的方法。对于每个HTTP方法,都有一个以RequestPredicate作为参数的重载变体,尽管可以表达其他约束。

2.演示环境

  1. JDK 1.8.0_201
  2. Spring Boot 2.2.0.RELEASE
  3. 构建工具(apache maven 3.6.3)
  4. 开发工具(IntelliJ IDEA )

3.演示代码

3.1 代码说明

使用 RouterFunction 的方式使用 webflux

3.2 代码结构

3.3 maven 依赖

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-webflux</artifactId>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

3.4 配置文件

无配置

3.5 java代码

UserModel.java

public class UserModel {

    private Long id;
    private String name;
    private Integer age;
    private String birthday;
    private String address;
    private String phone;

    public UserModel() {}

    public UserModel(Long id, String name, Integer age, String birthday, String address, String phone) {
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
        this.age = age;
        this.birthday = birthday;
        this.address = address;
        this.phone = phone;
    }
	
    // get&set&toString
}

UserRepository.java

@Repository
public class UserRepository {

    // 预置两条数据,所以起始值从2开始
    private static final AtomicLong ID_GENERATOR = new AtomicLong(2);

    // 模拟数据库操作
    private static final Map<Long, UserModel> USER_MAP = new HashMap<>();

    @PostConstruct
    public void init() {
        UserModel user1 = new UserModel(1L, "zhangsan", 20, "2000-01-02", "beijing", "13666666666");
        UserModel user2 = new UserModel(2L, "lisi", 30, "1990-03-23", "shanghai", "13888888888");
        USER_MAP.put(user1.getId(), user1);
        USER_MAP.put(user2.getId(), user2);
    }

    public List<UserModel> findAll() {
        return new ArrayList<>(USER_MAP.values());
    }

    public UserModel findById(Long id) {
        return USER_MAP.get(id);
    }

    public UserModel add(UserModel userModel) {
        long id = ID_GENERATOR.incrementAndGet();
        userModel.setId(id);
        USER_MAP.put(id, userModel);
        return userModel;
    }

    public UserModel update(UserModel userModel) {
        USER_MAP.put(userModel.getId(), userModel);
        return USER_MAP.get(userModel.getId());
    }

    public UserModel deleteById(Long id) {
        UserModel userModel = USER_MAP.get(id);
        USER_MAP.remove(id);
        return userModel;
    }
}

UserHandler.java

@Component
public class UserHandler {

    @Autowired
    private UserRepository userRepository;

    public Mono<ServerResponse> list(ServerRequest request) {
        // ServerResponse.ok().body(Flux.fromIterable(userRepository.findAll()), UserModel.class);
        return ServerResponse.ok().body(Flux.fromStream(userRepository.findAll().stream()), UserModel.class);
    }

    public Mono<ServerResponse> findById(ServerRequest request) {
        return Mono.justOrEmpty(userRepository.findById(Long.valueOf(request.pathVariable("id"))))
            .flatMap(user -> ServerResponse.ok().body(Mono.just(user), UserModel.class))
            .switchIfEmpty(ServerResponse.notFound().build()); // 输出 404 Not Found
    }

    public Mono<ServerResponse> add(ServerRequest request) {
        return ServerResponse.ok().body(
            request.bodyToMono(UserModel.class).flatMap(userModel -> Mono.just(userRepository.add(userModel))),
            UserModel.class);
    }

    public Mono<ServerResponse> update(ServerRequest request) {
        /*request.bodyToMono(UserModel.class)
            .flatMap(user -> Mono.justOrEmpty(userRepository.findById(user.getId()))
                .then(ServerResponse.ok().body(Mono.just(userRepository.update(user)), UserModel.class))
                // .switchIfEmpty(Mono.error(new NotFoundException(String.valueOf(user.getId())))))
                .switchIfEmpty(ServerResponse.notFound().build()));*/

        return request.bodyToMono(UserModel.class)
            .flatMap(body -> Mono.justOrEmpty(userRepository.findById(body.getId())).flatMap(foundUser -> {
                foundUser.setAge(body.getAge());
                foundUser.setName(body.getName());
                foundUser.setBirthday(body.getBirthday());
                foundUser.setAddress(body.getAddress());
                foundUser.setPhone(body.getPhone());
                return Mono.just(foundUser);
            }).flatMap(u -> ServerResponse.ok().body(fromObject(u))).switchIfEmpty(ServerResponse.notFound().build()));
    }

    public Mono<ServerResponse> deleteById(ServerRequest request) {
        Long id = Long.valueOf(request.pathVariable("id"));
        return Mono.justOrEmpty(userRepository.findById(id))
            .switchIfEmpty(Mono.error(new RuntimeException(id + "not found!"))) // 控制台异常:RuntimeException: 30
            .then(ServerResponse.ok().body(Mono.justOrEmpty(userRepository.deleteById(id)), UserModel.class));
    }

    public Mono<ServerResponse> deleteId(ServerRequest request) {
        Long id = Long.valueOf(request.pathVariable("id"));
        return Mono.justOrEmpty(userRepository.findById(id))
            .flatMap(user -> ServerResponse.ok().body(Mono.just(userRepository.deleteById(id)), UserModel.class))
            .switchIfEmpty(ServerResponse.notFound().build());
    }
}

UserRouter.java

import static org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.RequestPredicates.DELETE;
import static org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.RequestPredicates.GET;
import static org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.RequestPredicates.POST;
import static org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.RequestPredicates.PUT;
import static org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.RequestPredicates.accept;
import static org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.RequestPredicates.contentType;
import static org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.RouterFunctions.route;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.RouterFunction;
import org.springframework.web.reactive.function.server.ServerResponse;

@Configuration
public class UserRouter {

    @Autowired
    private UserHandler userHandler;

    @Bean
    public RouterFunction<ServerResponse> routerFunction() {
        return route(GET("/user/list").and(accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)), userHandler::list)
            .andRoute(GET("/user/find/{id}").and(accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)), userHandler::findById)
            .andRoute(POST("/user/add").and(contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)), userHandler::add)
            .andRoute(PUT("/user/update").and(contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)), userHandler::update)
            .andRoute(DELETE("/user/delete/{id}"), userHandler::deleteId);
    }
}

3.6 git 地址

spring-boot/spring-boot-07-webflux/spring-boot-webflux-router

4.效果展示

启动 SpringBootWebfluxRouterApplication.main 方法,在 spring-boot-webflux-router.http 访问下列地址,观察输出信息是否符合预期。

查询用户列表

### GET /user/list
GET http://localhost:8080/user/list
Accept: application/json

根据id查询用户

### GET /user/find/{id}
GET http://localhost:8080/user/find/1
Accept: application/json

新增用户

### POST /user/add
POST http://localhost:8080/user/add
Accept: application/json
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "name": "wangwu",
  "age": 25,
  "birthday": "1995-06-23",
  "address": "guangzhou",
  "phone": "13777777777"
}

更新用户(成功)

### PUT /user/update success
PUT http://localhost:8080/user/update
Accept: application/json
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "id": 2,
  "name": "lisi2",
  "age": 32,
  "birthday": "1988-03-23",
  "address": "shanghai2",
  "phone": "13888888882"
}

更新用户(失败)

### PUT /user/update fail  // 404 Not Found (id)
PUT http://localhost:8080/user/update
Accept: application/json
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "id": 222,
  "name": "lisi2",
  "age": 32,
  "birthday": "1988-03-23",
  "address": "shanghai2",
  "phone": "13888888882"
}

删除用户

### DELETE /user/delete/{id}
DELETE http://localhost:8080/user/delete/3
Accept: application/json

5.参考

  1. Spring Framework/WebFlux
0

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