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技术文章记录及总结

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目 录CONTENT

文章目录

Netty自带连接池的使用

soulballad
2022-03-06 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 133 阅读 / 4,247 字
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1. 类介绍

1.ChannelPool——连接池接口

2.SimpleChannelPool——实现ChannelPool接口,简单的连接池实现

3.FixedChannelPool——继承SimpleChannelPool,有大小限制的连接池实现

4.ChannelPoolMap——管理host与连接池映射的接口

5.AbstractChannelPoolMap——抽象类,实现ChannelPoolMap接口

2. 具体使用

2.1 MyNettyPool

Netty自带连接池的用法

package com.dxfx.netty.demo;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import com.dxfx.netty.framework.Constants;
import com.dxfx.netty.framework.DefaultFuture;
import com.dxfx.netty.framework.NettyClientHandler;
import com.dxfx.netty.param.RequestParam;
import com.dxfx.netty.param.Response;

import io.netty.bootstrap.Bootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.Channel;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.pool.AbstractChannelPoolMap;
import io.netty.channel.pool.ChannelPoolHandler;
import io.netty.channel.pool.ChannelPoolMap;
import io.netty.channel.pool.FixedChannelPool;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.Delimiters;
import io.netty.handler.codec.string.StringDecoder;
import io.netty.handler.codec.string.StringEncoder;
import io.netty.util.concurrent.Future;
import io.netty.util.concurrent.FutureListener;

/**
 * Netty自带连接池的用法
 * 
 * @author Administrator
 *
 */
public class MyNettyPool {
    // key为目标host,value为目标host的连接池
    public static ChannelPoolMap<String, FixedChannelPool> poolMap;
    private static final Bootstrap bootstrap = new Bootstrap();

    static {
        bootstrap.group(new NioEventLoopGroup());
        bootstrap.channel(NioSocketChannel.class);
        bootstrap.remoteAddress("localhost", 8080);
    }

    public MyNettyPool() {
        init();
    }

    /**
     * netty连接池使用
     * 
     */
    public void init() {
        poolMap = new AbstractChannelPoolMap<String, FixedChannelPool>() {

            @Override
            protected FixedChannelPool newPool(String key) {
                ChannelPoolHandler handler = new ChannelPoolHandler() {
                    /**
                     * 使用完channel需要释放才能放入连接池
                     * 
                     */
                    @Override
                    public void channelReleased(Channel ch) throws Exception {
                        // 刷新管道里的数据
                        // ch.writeAndFlush(Unpooled.EMPTY_BUFFER); // flush掉所有写回的数据  
                        System.out.println("channelReleased......");
                    }

                    /**
                     * 当链接创建的时候添加channelhandler,只有当channel不足时会创建,但不会超过限制的最大channel数
                     * 
                     */
                    @Override
                    public void channelCreated(Channel ch) throws Exception {
                        ch.pipeline().addLast(new StringEncoder());
                        ch.pipeline().addLast(new DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder(Integer.MAX_VALUE, Delimiters.lineDelimiter()[0]));
                        ch.pipeline().addLast(new StringDecoder());
                         // 绑定channel的handler
                        ch.pipeline().addLast(new NettyClientHandler());
                    }

                    /**
                     *  获取连接池中的channel
                     *  
                     */
                    @Override
                    public void channelAcquired(Channel ch) throws Exception {
                        System.out.println("channelAcquired......");
                    }
                };
                
                return new FixedChannelPool(bootstrap, handler, 50); //单个host连接池大小
            }
        };

    }

    /**
     * 发送请求
     * 
     * @param msg
     *            请求参数
     * @param command
     *            请求方法
     * @return
     */
    public Response send(final Object msg, final String command) {
        //封装请求数据
        final RequestParam request = new RequestParam();
        request.setCommand(command);
        request.setContent(msg);
        
        //从连接池中获取连接
        final FixedChannelPool pool = poolMap.get("localhost");
        //申请连接,没有申请到或者网络断开,返回null
        Future<Channel> future = pool.acquire();
        future.addListener(new FutureListener<Channel>() {
            @Override
            public void operationComplete(Future<Channel> future) throws Exception {
                //给服务端发送数据
                Channel channel = future.getNow();
                channel.write(JSONObject.toJSONString(request));
                channel.writeAndFlush(Constants.DELIMITER);

                System.out.println(channel.id());
                // 连接放回连接池,这里一定记得放回去
                pool.release(channel);
            }
        });
        
        //获取服务端返回的数据
        DefaultFuture defaultFuture = new DefaultFuture(request);
        return defaultFuture.get();

    }

}

2.2 MyNettyPoolTest

Netty自带连接池测试类,SpringServer为连接池启动类

package com.dxfx.netty.demo;

import com.dxfx.netty.param.Response;
import com.dxfx.user.model.User;

/**
 * Netty自带连接池测试类,SpringServer为连接池启动类
 * 
 * @author Administrator
 *
 */
public class MyNettyPoolTest {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        User user = new User();
        user.setAge(12);
        user.setId(23);
        user.setName("client");
        String command = "login";
        
        MyNettyPool pool = new MyNettyPool();
        new MyThread(pool, user, command).start();
        new MyThread(pool, user, command).start();
        new MyThread(pool, user, command).start();
        new MyThread(pool, user, command).start();
        for (int i = 0; i < 50000; i++) {
            new MyThread(pool, user, command).start();
        }
    }

}

class MyThread extends Thread {

    public MyNettyPool pool;
    public Object msg;
    public String command;

    public MyThread(MyNettyPool pool, Object msg, String command) {
        super();
        this.pool = pool;
        this.msg = msg;
        this.command = command;
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        Response response = pool.send(msg, command);
        //System.out.println(response);
    }

}
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